Monday, August 31, 2009

Web 2.0 and Collaboration


Training Strategy

56130 Visitors August 2009

Saturday, August 29, 2009

Facilitation of Post Mortem

Post Mortem is not wel run by many people. They use post mortem to point out the weaknesses and causing emotional hurts to participants. I use After Action Review concept to change the context of post mortem by finding out what they did right and learn from their success factors and repeat those practices next time. For weaknesses, I turn it into "areas of development" and let only the person give future solutions and tell their own side of stories.

In the two cases I have done before, the morale an learning were amazing!


Ground Rules:

a. No critism

b. Talk about your areas only

c. Listen with expression

1. What did we do well?

2. What reas we nee to improve?

3. How can we o it better next time?

4. Summary and Thank everyone

Case study:

1. Supermarket performance after one month - evaluation of opening week

Why Pay More? Buy at Wholesale Prices!

That is the Company Tag. They claim that they have the best price in town. Well every store says like that eh? Well Mydin have acquired the Melaka Bazaar 24hours. For readers outside Malaysia, Mydin is like TESCO or Carrefour . You can get any groceries here. Just the flavor is Malaysian. Mydin store support local and small enterprise product. You can find dodols,kerepeks,belacans,inang-inangs and freshwater fish waterfish. Products from all over the country are available here.

A cafe is also attached to the Mydin Bazaar ‘Tanjong Cafe’ for those who needs refreshment and dine with the famous ‘mamak style’. The most interesting part of this Mydin compared to other Mydin in Malaysia is its open 24 hours!.

Sunday, August 9, 2009

Internet Research

25682 Visitors since 2007

How to Develop a Leadership Competency Model

How to Develop a Leadership Competency Model

A leadership competency model should serve as the foundation for any organization’s leadership development system. An effective model allows an organization to clearly define what leadership competencies are required in order for an organization to be successful, both now and in the future. Leadership development systems (selection, assessment, development, performance management, succession planning) can then be aligned to support the development of these competencies.

While the idea has been around for at least 20 years, a recent Right Management survey says that half of all corporations today have no model for identifying and developing the leadership competencies needed to drive change in their organizations.

I’ve had the opportunity to develop leadership competency models at a variety of different organizations. At my current company, there was no common model when I first got here. In fact, there were over 20 different models. We now have one, with a fully aligned system aligned around it. At my last company, I was involved in the development of two company-wide models, for two different CEOs. (Question: How often should you change a leadership model? Answer: Either when there’s a significant shift in the business strategy that requires new skills, or when a new CEO comes in and decides that everything the previous CEO did was wrong.)

Each time, I’ve learned a few things and have refined the approach. I’m sure it’s not perfect, and I’m very sure it’s not what the textbooks would say, but it’s worked for me. I’ll also provide a list of other options, along with my opinion of the pro’s and cons for each.

Option 1: Hire a top-notch consultant that specializes in leadership competency modeling.
There are some great companies out there, like Hay, Hewitt, Right, and many other that will come in and work with you to understand your business strategy, interview top performers and key stakeholders, develop, test, and validate a model with behaviorally anchored rating scales (BARS), and develop an implementation strategy. Actually, with an unlimited budget, this is probably the best approach. You know you’re getting a valid and reliable model. The disadvantages of this approach are money and time. I’ve never worked in an organization with an unlimited budget (maybe, someday), and CEOs usually have little patience when you tell them something like this is going to take 14 months – and cost $100,000.

Option 2: Read a book, go to a seminar, and try to do option 1 yourself.
Not a bad option if you’re a do-it-yourselfer with a limited budget. However, it may actually take you more time because you’ve never done it before, you’ll make a lot of mistakes, and you may end up with an invalid model that’s worthless. I’ve witnessed this approach – it’s a long and lengthy process (if you follow what the book or guru says to do), and by the time the model is finished, there’s no time, patience, or interest left in actually doing something with the model.

Option 3: Buy a model.
The argument for this approach is “why re-invent the wheel”? There are already research-based, proven, tested and validated leadership models out there, like PDI, CCL, Lominger, and DDI. They’re all good; I’d recommend any of them. By buying an existing model, you also save time that would be wasted developing the model and can re-direct that time to assessment, selection, and development. There would be some cost involved – for a license to use the model (no, you can’t use them without paying for them, please) – but not as much as the build option.

The only disadvantage of this approach is stakeholder buy-in. That may sound like a flimsy reason, and perhaps even weak HR leadership. After all, we wouldn’t ask for “buy-in” to the periodic table of elements, right? If it’s right, it’s right, no questions asked. However, I’ve tried it, and so far I have yet to find a CEO or management team that’s willing to take a “generic” model and apply it to their organization. These are big, strong egos, and that’s a powerful force to overcome.

Option 4: Hybrid (my recommendation):
This is a practical, cost-effective, yet effective version of options 1-3 combined.

1. Obtain all of the business strategy documentation you can get your hands on. Conduct executive interviews to learn about business challenges and leadership requirements to address those challenges. Start with the CEO and work you way down a couple layers.

2. Review existing competency models (from option 3). Learn the language and terminology. In a way, they’re all saying the same thing in slightly different ways.

Line them all up and look for the common themes, combining or changing terms so that they make sense to your organization. Avoid “HR-speak”, and stick to common sense, business language.

3. Pick out the key competencies that would really make the biggest difference in the success of your business. Go back to your interview notes and highlight the phases that you heard over and over. Use that same language (for buy-in), but cross-reference the phrase to ensure they are part of at least two research-based models.

8-12 competencies is probably a good number, if only for focus. (a good test one year later is to ask managers if they can name them all).

4. Review the competency model with your senior team for refinement and buy-in. Repeat the process with the next level of management and other key stakeholders, each time tweaking the model less but allowing ample time for discussion and understanding.

Finally, create a strategic leadership development model (1-2 pages, or slides) – to show the connection between the business strategy, the competency model, and the alignment of the leadership system. Polish up the model, make it sing - get some professional help if you need it.

Review this with the senior team, along with a communication plan to support the introduction of the model to the rest of the organization.

By the way, while the development of a leadership competency model is critical, deployment of that model is even more important. But that’s the topic of another article.

Please leave a comment if you have questions or other tips you'd like to pass along.
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Posted by Dan McCarthy at 9/10/2008
Labels: leadership competency models, leadership system


Sunday, August 2, 2009

Definition of OD

Organization Development
Definitions & Concepts

Organization Development Definition
Organization Development (OD) is an applied discipline that supports the creation of effective and healthy organizations consisting of competent, satisfied, and productive employees.
Other definitions from other OD practitioners are:

"Organization development (OD) is defined as a long-range effort to improve an organization’s ability to cope with change and its problem-solving and renewal processes through effective management of organization culture."
-Don Harvey and Donald R. Brown in
An Experiential Approach to Organization Development
"Organization development is an effort: (1) planned, (2) organization wide, (3) managed from the top, (4) to increase organizational effectiveness and health, through (5) planned interventions in the organization’s processes using behavioral science knowledge."
-Richard Beckhard in Organization Development: Strategies and Models

OD encompasses these concepts:
  • Definitive and supportive of the organization’s long range vision and mission.
  • Seeks to improve an organization’s ability to both create and cope with change.
  • A teaching/learning process whose goal is to improve an organization’s decision-making and problem-solving capabilities.
  • Continuously identifies, allocates, and develops resources in ways that make these resources more available to the mission of the organization.
  • Introduces planned change, usually long-range, into an organization, or a coherent part of it, based on a diagnosis which is shared by the members of the organization or affected part.
  • An attempt to increase organizational effectiveness and efficiency through planned interventions based on research findings and theoretical hypotheses of the behavioral sciences.
  • A set of interventions into the ongoing activities of an organization to facilitate learning and to make informed choices about alternative ways to proceed.
备注:转载,研究记录 from

E-Learning to Social Learning - Jane

Excellent presentation by Jane. I am planning for informal learning in my organization. Not many people have time for formal learnings. Anyhow, in working world, we are repsonsible for our own learning.

Jane - 25 Tools for Learning Profeesion

Informal Learning 2.0 by Jay Cross

In knowledge work, informal learning and web 2.0 are two sides of the same coin. Organizations must trust and inspire their people to learn for themselves.

Trailer and Shooting of the HOME Movie


The Shooting

Press Conference

The Music

PPR Support

HOME Movie by PPR Group

We are living in exceptional times. Scientists tell us that we have 10 years to change the way we live, avert the depletion of natural resources and the catastrophic evolution of the Earth's climate.

The stakes are high for us and our children. Everyone should take part in the effort, and HOME has been conceived to take a message of mobilization out to every human being.

For this purpose, HOME needs to be free. A patron, the PPR Group, made this possible. EuropaCorp, the distributor, also pledged not to make any profit because Home is a non-profit film.

HOME has been made for you : share it! And act for the planet.

Yann Arthus-Bertrand

HOME official website

PPR is proud to support HOME

HOME is a carbon offset movie

More information about the Planet

Category:  Movies


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